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Recently, Xiao Yaqing, director of the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council, pointed out in the promotion meeting of the central enterprises on the reduction of leverage and debt reduction that it is necessary to further take effective and effective measures to reduce leverage and reduce debts, and resolutely fight against the major risks of defending and resolving major risks.
Liu Xiangdong, deputy researcher of the Economic Research Department of China International Economic Exchange Center, told the "Securities Daily" reporter yesterday that with the continuous advancement of steel and coal de-capacity work in the first half of the year, some zombie enterprises have been effectively dealt with, and the leverage ratio of enterprises has declined, but it is necessary to pay attention. However, although the current debt ratio of the steel and coal industry averages around 67%, its asset-liability ratio has slightly decreased compared with last year, but its speed and magnitude are not obvious.
The reason is that Liu Zhe, deputy dean of the Wanbo New Economic Research Institute, told the Securities Daily that on the one hand, the steel and coal industries are capital-intensive industries. The characteristics of such industries are that capital investment is larger than that of For industries with abundant cash flow such as food and beverage, the leverage ratio centers of the steel and coal industries are relatively high; on the other hand, the two industries have been in normal business in the past few years due to factors such as oversupply and low prices. Operational and cash flow are highly challenged, resulting in a high level of leverage.
Liu Xiangdong believes that although the steel, coal and other industries have improved the profitability of enterprises after de-capacity, in the context of the downward pressure on China's economic operation in the second half of the year, as the price increase momentum weakens, it is expected that the steel and coal industry will continue to lower the leverage process. In the middle, there are still more pressures.
Liu Zhe believes that under the background of increasing industry concentration and stricter environmental protection requirements, the technical improvement and operating pressure of some small and medium-sized steel and coal enterprises are still relatively large, and the leverage ratio remains relatively high. For enterprises facing industrial transformation and upgrading and technology upgrading, they can use debt-to-equity swaps, mergers and acquisitions, etc. to obtain time windows and introduce incremental funds or new technologies and new models. While reducing leverage, it is more important to upgrade enterprises. Management ability and core competitiveness.